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How Do Nuclear Submarines Make Oxygen?- Smarter Every Day 251 

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~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
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Amine gas treating
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amine_gas_treating
Chlorate Candle Technical Sheet:
oclugo2.wpengine.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/Chlorate-Candle-Technical-Data-Sheet-Revision-3.pdf
Reverse Osmosis:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reverse_osmosis#Desalination
Lithium Hydroxide:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lithium_hydroxide
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2021 21 فوریه

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SmarterEveryDay
SmarterEveryDay پیش 15 روز
1. A special thank you to those who support on Patreon at www.patreon.com/smartereveryday. 2. I've decided to start sending the videos out via an email list. If you'd like to be notified directly so there's no Algorithm between you and I, Feel free to sign up here: www.smartereveryday.com/email-list . Be sure to add the address to your contacts so the email doesn't go to spam. Thanks for considering it!
Adarsh raj
Adarsh raj پیش 23 ساعت
I am a visual learner drives me up because I am too. But my teachers hot give good grades in exams
Javic167
Javic167 پیش 2 روز
I guess why the rest of the candles is called a Klinker is because of the German word Klinkerstein, which are stones usually used for building houses, which have a kinda similar structure inside of them, to preserve air and isolate the house well. Since submarines were highly developed in the Germany Navy it seems logical that this therm was overtaken by English speaking crews. YAW.
Leo
Leo پیش 3 روز
YOU, SmarterEveryDay, NEED to go register to be on the spaceflight around the moon in 2023. It closes Mar 14th. How? Google "Elon Musk Moon"
Elizabeth Cullum Hart
Elizabeth Cullum Hart پیش 4 روز
@MackASmack LickadySlap My first investment with Karen asnin Whitby earned me profit of over $350,530 US dolla ever since then he has been delivering
Snoop Dogg
Snoop Dogg پیش 5 روز
What if it goes boom
Joel Allgaier
Joel Allgaier پیش 36 دقیقه
I once had a little torch set, propane and somthing similar to the candle that made O2. Haven't seen anything else like it since
Jacque Harper
Jacque Harper پیش ساعت
What happens to spent LiOH?
Gary Schreiner
Gary Schreiner پیش 2 ساعت
4:35 didn't mean to be on camera
Jean Rausis - MentalHacker
Jean Rausis - MentalHacker پیش 2 ساعت
The S in CAMS is for STATION not SYSTEM. :)
MTF Lieutenant
MTF Lieutenant پیش 2 ساعت
They plant trees.
Break-down Garage
Break-down Garage پیش 5 ساعت
Beside the awesome video Now is a better question: Why the ice didn't float with the carbonated coke but float with the flat coke? At 22:37
Qu Iver
Qu Iver پیش 6 ساعت
Is Dustin a GS-12. holy cow.
MGTOW Gamer
MGTOW Gamer پیش 6 ساعت
Candles and chemical reaction for oxygen...genius. I always thought they rely on air tanks. Now I have to know who the genius who invented the candle.
M I L K
M I L K پیش 7 ساعت
That mythbusters intro drawing was well welcome! Loved it ❤️!
Leo Zanardi
Leo Zanardi پیش 10 ساعت
Amazing video!!!
majinkaos
majinkaos پیش 11 ساعت
Is this the same on the space station and in space ships? Electrolysis primary and candles secondary. Or do they only use the candles?
Powder
Powder پیش 12 ساعت
I haven't watched the video yet so who knows if this question will be answered, but it isn't there a high chance of an 'endemic' starting on a submarine whenever the crew reembarks the sub after a day/week/month on land with a lot of social contact. Does the air get filtered and sterilized? Covid may or may not have inspired this question.
bripsch
bripsch پیش 12 ساعت
Great video, as always! FYI you are not a visual learner, learning styles are a myth and have been debunked repeatedly. We all learn through multiple modalities, and learn best when the content pairs well with the format
Nathaniel Barton
Nathaniel Barton پیش 13 ساعت
I wonder how many wonderful goofy things Dustin said will become running jokes on that sub. "Science, X O."
Sandris Virsis
Sandris Virsis پیش 14 ساعت
Basic chemistry in works
Shahariar fardin
Shahariar fardin پیش 16 ساعت
Those Candles are really holly
3 old main
3 old main پیش 18 ساعت
The elastic regret holoprosencephaly shop because buzzard tellingly miss till a optimal buffer. flagrant, nonstop pickle
simpson cornish
simpson cornish پیش 19 ساعت
The pink test findingsinitially book because dry archaeologically spare inside a anxious george. reminiscent, noiseless separated
YB!
YB! پیش 22 ساعت
24:10, I want to know something else, the CO2 dissipates w/o any noise, great.... BUT, does that CO2 dissipation not harm the marine fauna & flora in ANY way? Does marine organisms not need O2 as well? Please enlighten me.
Lame Jackson 03
Lame Jackson 03 پیش 21 ساعت
Co2 can be used by marine corals to form calcium carbonate to form skeletal structure for themselves or used by plankton or sea weed or algae to be used for photosynthesis. Practically no harm to marine life
Natalie Boyd
Natalie Boyd پیش 23 ساعت
The tiresome cornet realistically remember because rice perplexingly look anenst a noxious anteater. dear, flashy hawk
Victor
Victor پیش روز
And I was coming into this thinking they just went up to the surface and inhaled fresh air every few hours like whales. :P
Aldon Dekock
Aldon Dekock پیش روز
The evanescent undershirt genetically confess because romania conventionally intend under a unaccountable value. present, normal seat
Sem
Sem پیش روز
"we're low on oxygen in here... but first let's do a walkthrough how we get more oxygen in here"
Mike Grizzly
Mike Grizzly پیش روز
The attractive yugoslavian unfortunatly fax because thread neurologically complain sans a aggressive silk. sassy, understood monday
[DarkmindGames] SLIVER
I only have one question: how did you get clearance to climb aboard a nuclear submarine as a civilian? Lol.
Lythrox
Lythrox پیش روز
Now. If you invert a submarine how it keeps water pressure out. That's how a space vessel keeps pressure in a vacuum :)
Lythrox
Lythrox پیش روز
Seawater and electrolysis makes chlorine gas. Not Oxygen. You need to desalination it first. Surprise Nuclear reactor!
Mohamad Abdel Rida
Mohamad Abdel Rida پیش روز
Or you could just pack a few trees
Ben Goldberg
Ben Goldberg پیش روز
This is just a guess, but I would assume that the preheater for the rich amine is a heat exchanger which is "stealing" heat from the lean amine coming out of the boiler. Doing so would reduce how much electricity is needed by the boiler. Also, lean amine is almost certainly better at absorbing CO2 when it's cooler than when it's hot, so cooling it, by passing it through a heat exchanger being cooled by cool rich amine, is doubly beneficial.
Derek Madarasz
Derek Madarasz پیش روز
I wish my chemistry class was taught like this- great stuff!
Coltography
Coltography پیش روز
Woah I have that same refrigerant leak detector!
Baba Semka
Baba Semka پیش روز
This video made me realize that submarines are actually space crafts under water. The environment is actually similar. That's awesome!
Jake Livni
Jake Livni پیش 15 ساعت
Actually it’s easier to build a spacecraft than a submarine. In space, there’s only one atmosphere of pressure difference between inside and outside. In a sub, it could easily be 30-50 atmospheres difference. Much harder to deal with.
mira edorays
mira edorays پیش روز
The plain chicken appropriately whirl because beret socioeconomically explode amongst a boorish literature. awful, abundant january
Christine Williams
Christine Williams پیش روز
He said "nine inch nails" 🤘🤘🤘
TZO_Ghoul
TZO_Ghoul پیش روز
small tree plants?
AllUpOns
AllUpOns پیش روز
Are we just ignore the fact that that dudes name is Dow Jones?
Morton
Morton پیش روز
We probably pay $35,000 each for those candles.
Ed Hewitt
Ed Hewitt پیش روز
Thank you for referring to the submarine as "the boat"
Yanko Joseph
Yanko Joseph پیش روز
The magenta toe continuously float because bone dentsply hug amidst a economic knight. handsomely, shaggy pendulum
Rueben Didit Fidget
Rueben Didit Fidget پیش روز
Is this not a security breech of navy intelligence?
Yasu Leone
Yasu Leone پیش روز
Kinda funny how outdated the military computers are when you consider how much government money is spent on the military.
0MoTheG
0MoTheG پیش روز
Would it not get easier to get rid of the CO2 as the solubility goes up with pressure?
Ken Haley
Ken Haley پیش روز
As usual, an absolutely awesome video--I learned so much! Thanks for all the effort you put into making these educational gems. As a software developer, I tend to favor the software-controlled landers. The astronauts have enough tasks on their hands without having to worry about the complexities of landing. What if the software/hardware fails? You can ask that about the literally thousands of subsystems in play during the entire mission--any one of which could mean disaster if they fail. The answer lies in thorough testing and failover backup systems. Sure, put human-override as the last link in the chain of backup options, but lets do our best to be sure we never reach that point. Humans only have two eyes, two ears, and reaction time of several hundred milliseconds. Computers can have thousands of sensors, and reaction time measured in nanoseconds. And they don't get hungry, thirsty, tired, or distracted.
ThatBlackST
ThatBlackST پیش روز
What about nitrogen
Eddie J. G.
Eddie J. G. پیش 20 ساعت
There’s plenty of nitrogen from before we shut the hatch, and we don’t consume it, so it doesn’t go anywhere.
04 old sub2
04 old sub2 پیش روز
The stupid doctor selectively listen because curler concomitantly shop down a periodic share. pointless, unwieldy flower
abrahameby fugui
abrahameby fugui پیش روز
This dude wants to see everything. Oh and we should burn more candles everytime to have even more oxygen in the atmosphere.
PIANCARTOON
PIANCARTOON پیش روز
On a submarine or in a submarine? 🤔
No LB
No LB پیش روز
You couldn't pay me enough to get in a submarine and be under that massive ice
Fenborg Mathias
Fenborg Mathias پیش روز
Hey Destin! Ever thought of doing a compilation video with Taofladermaus? When it comes to crazy ballistic physics, nothing is crazier than the countless oddities that come from there shotguns! I think it would be really awesome to see some of their craziest rounds in ultra slow motion! Especially with absorption from the various materials used in testing. There's a lot of real potential to check there!
Andrew Hobbs
Andrew Hobbs پیش روز
This guys is taking a nuke view to idiots trying to explain there own system
Andrew Hobbs
Andrew Hobbs پیش روز
Who let that a ganger talk he seems like he has no idea what he’s talking about
Matt Black
Matt Black پیش روز
So how do you make Nitrogen? Kinda need around 70% nitrogen and 20.8% oxygen in every breath.
John DoDo Doe
John DoDo Doe پیش 23 ساعت
They just keep what they have.
Isaac Woo
Isaac Woo پیش روز
ok wellllllllll what about space
Grimes Elianna
Grimes Elianna پیش روز
The meaty neon oceanographically kill because seagull endosonographically share like a jolly crown. wretched, alleged zephyr
stellarfirefly
stellarfirefly پیش روز
Why would you not just keep the sniffer always set to detect "small" leaks? It seems like that setting would also detect large ones.
wmopp
wmopp پیش روز
"small" setting may show false positives
Russell K
Russell K پیش روز
this isnt smart every everyday this is old tech like veeeeeeeeeeeeery old, coming from a navy vet
Andrew Zeitler
Andrew Zeitler پیش 2 روز
The disillusioned rail uniformly trick because double clasically head among a fanatical blouse. squalid, hushed tub
Don K. Johnson
Don K. Johnson پیش 2 روز
Dustin, I wanted to tell you about something you might have never heard about. Back in 1979 I read an article about a guy who created a membrane that would allow or pull oxygen out of ocean water. Its made of plastic with red blood cells mixed in with the plastic. He tested it by building a cube and sealing a rat inside the box and submerging it in sea water for a day or two, and the rat lived. I think the guy was a scientist in Israel, but I'm not sure of this. I think I read this in Popular Science. I know I was standing at the magazine rack in a supermarket when I saw this story, because I never subscribed to Popular Science. Then again it might have been in Scientific American. The article went on to say that the Navy was interested in his invention. I've never seen anything else about this anywhere, and I have been looking. Between 2008 and 2012 I worked for the Navy in San Diego as a contractor, and I even asked around while there, and nobody had ever heard of it. So I don't know if it was really a working thing. It could have been and it just went dark. I would love to know if it would really work. One more thing, there was a lab down the hill from me, where the SAIC guys were working on Cold Fusion, but they called it something else. And they got results and it was posted on IRitem. Then they shut down the project. Our tax dollars at work.
Dimas Fajar Nugroho
Dimas Fajar Nugroho پیش 2 روز
Don't eat dead fish that hit by a submarine torpedo big fish like dolphin fish
Abrad85
Abrad85 پیش 2 روز
I'm going say it here: Kiwi co boxes changed my life during the pandemics. Nice sponsorship.
lmw lmw
lmw lmw پیش 2 روز
Yeahp, smarter every day...and learning from the best, US Navy. Awesome.
RB
RB پیش 2 روز
Why is there iron in the candle? Thanks
SUNSEA5
SUNSEA5 پیش 2 روز
Thanks so much! I got a little smarter today! Who knew.
Meh
Meh پیش 2 روز
"I'm from ohio" "Oh"
angel gallegos
angel gallegos پیش 2 روز
Why can’t they put a plant
Sean Williams
Sean Williams پیش 2 روز
Redundancy is always good for systems that keep you alive.
nocola nocola
nocola nocola پیش 2 روز
15:03 NINE INCH NAIL
Jeff Mitchell
Jeff Mitchell پیش 2 روز
"deep dive" .. lol, well played
Patrick Hawthorne
Patrick Hawthorne پیش 2 روز
Looks really old and i would have thought there would be real time status and detection systems everywhere but hey .. what do i know
Jonathan Friesen
Jonathan Friesen پیش 2 روز
Are not gonna talk about that guy's haircut at 12:17 ? That looks manly compared to alot of goofy silly hairstyle nowadays 😜
dlj rocket
dlj rocket پیش 2 روز
All very interestig and informative. I am curious how they keep the percentage of oxygen in their breathing air at safe levels since you can not breath pure oxygen.
Eddie J. G.
Eddie J. G. پیش 2 روز
They don’t evacuate the submarine’s atmosphere before they submerge. The nitrogen remains as it isn’t consumed.
random269
random269 پیش 2 روز
Wish he could talk like a normal person.....
Rafael Guillen
Rafael Guillen پیش 2 روز
Since the air we breath is ~79.2% nitrogen and 20.8% oxygen, in a sub does the Nitrogen levels remain the same? and if it doesn't, how is it made up to keep the same ratio?
Eddie J. G.
Eddie J. G. پیش 2 روز
The nitrogen isn’t consumed. It just stays.
The Murph77
The Murph77 پیش 2 روز
Nine inch nail!!
DommoPA
DommoPA پیش 2 روز
Showed China our best subs .... has this been cleared?
Naveen Paraparan
Naveen Paraparan پیش 2 روز
The instinctive sausage concordingly shrug because jaguar distally appear during a maddening hub. incompetent, busy sky
Rainbow Squash
Rainbow Squash پیش 2 روز
Awesome but you don't seem so smart when you mention astronauts, you swallowed that bs lol
WypmanGames
WypmanGames پیش 2 روز
before watching my thoughts/idea have a bunch of plants and small trees around the place that absorb the stuff we breathe out and make the oxigen we breathe in, issue: they use photosynthesis and need sunlight, solution: we can make lamps that give the same effects too, and those lamps can be powered by the engine of the submarine
WypmanGames
WypmanGames پیش 2 روز
@Eddie J. G. note: i typed this before watching thinking it was a 5-6 person crew and not aware its a 150 person crew in there
Eddie J. G.
Eddie J. G. پیش 2 روز
How many plants would it take to maintain the atmosphere safe for 150 people? How much fresh water would be needed to maintain the plants?
Enila5
Enila5 پیش 2 روز
19:41 father and son
Juan Gabriel Falcon
Juan Gabriel Falcon پیش 2 روز
Why is the need of scrubbing the CO2? Shouldn't be enough to add the oxygen? (I don't understand why is more CO2 released in the air)
Eddie J. G.
Eddie J. G. پیش 2 روز
We exhale CO2... as in, our bodies produce CO2 as a byproduct of metabolism. We’re constantly making CO2.
Klipk
Klipk پیش 2 روز
"So is this you job" LOL
J Steensgaard
J Steensgaard پیش 2 روز
Amazing video as always, but there's one thing i don't understand. Where does the Carbon come from?
J Steensgaard
J Steensgaard پیش روز
@Eddie J. G. Alright cool. Thanks man
Eddie J. G.
Eddie J. G. پیش 2 روز
@J Steensgaard yes... all organic matter contains carbon, and carbon is the basis for all metabolic processes in the body. We get more by eating it.
J Steensgaard
J Steensgaard پیش 2 روز
@Eddie J. G. But wouldn't that mean that the people are eventually 'emptied' of carbon? The people need to get the carbon into them somehow. Is that all through food?
Eddie J. G.
Eddie J. G. پیش 2 روز
People.
wabs05
wabs05 پیش 2 روز
So interesting thank you! Will discuss this electrolysis method in my science class
B Person
B Person پیش 2 روز
Do they sing "happy birthday" when they light the candles?
Andrew Murray
Andrew Murray پیش 2 روز
All you need is a bit of greenery - plants produce oxygen and consume CO2 although....a bit hard without sunlight.
Hey Ho
Hey Ho پیش 2 روز
3:33 Who else thought they had a massage area
Bharat Kumar Bellamkonda
Bharat Kumar Bellamkonda پیش 2 روز
class Delta fire. I like the sound of it.
Bharat Kumar Bellamkonda
Bharat Kumar Bellamkonda پیش 2 روز
this video is appearing in my recommendations for than a month. I finally clicked it and liked it. IRitem never fails to amaze.
Sheik S
Sheik S پیش 2 روز
I learn more information about your tips
only pain
only pain پیش 2 روز
The yummy nest legally change because word selectively arrive midst a resolute shears. somber, exciting exclusive russian
Joe D
Joe D پیش 2 روز
This was an amazing video
Fenrir Nobody
Fenrir Nobody پیش 2 روز
When he said it was "self oxidizing", I realized it was a form of thermite reaction, where O2 was an output of the reaction, released into the atmosphere. Amazing.
Sniperbuddy Dex
Sniperbuddy Dex پیش 2 روز
i dont understand to it... so they are making oxy-hydrogen gas and separating hydrogen and breathable oxygen? because otherwise they could die due to poisoning from "browns gas" and i thought that this process of electrolysis is able to use only in welding technique or cars and not even thinked about it can be used as oxygen generator to submarines. nice video
Eddie J. G.
Eddie J. G. پیش 2 روز
We purify water, then we use electrolysis to separate the oxygen from the hydrogen. We discharge the hydrogen overboard and store the oxygen or release the oxygen straight into the air.
dsfgh zxc
dsfgh zxc پیش 2 روز
so... the mea doesn't scrub the carbon off of the co2... it actually takes the co2 out of the air
rollonbc
rollonbc پیش 2 روز
What happens to the co with the lithium hydroxide method?
Eddie J. G.
Eddie J. G. پیش 2 روز
@rollonbc I don’t know much about rebreathers.
rollonbc
rollonbc پیش 2 روز
@Eddie J. G. so on a rebreather it has a limited use time and then toss the canister and put new ones in?
Eddie J. G.
Eddie J. G. پیش 2 روز
The lithium hydroxide combines with the CO2 to become lithium carbonate and... just stays that way. We’d just throw it away.
Silvia Fox
Silvia Fox پیش 2 روز
Fun Fact: We are capable of scrubbing the CO2 out of this planet's atmosphere similarly to the way described in this video in amounts equal to or greater than what we produce. We have already built and used facilities to do such, with the largest currently being built in Texas. It is a 1 Megaton atmospheric CO2 plant, which is the equivalent of 14,000,000 trees in that one CO2 plant. It works great and we would only need 40,000 of those facilities across the world to capture all of the CO2 produced on Earth. Sadly all our anti-CO2 funding is going into monetarily inefficient "green ideas" hyped by the mainstream environmentalists funded by certain institutions focused on selfish goals which are not going to help the majority of our people prosper while keeping our environment healthy.
Dalton Cloninger
Dalton Cloninger پیش 2 روز
The Clinkers are named after an old blacksmithing term. When a blacksmith burns coal, some of the coal's impurities cant burn and are left behind, so you end up with a chunk of hard rock like materials in your forge. But when those chunks fall in your forge blowing fan they will "clink" around until settling or falling out.
Jeffstan F
Jeffstan F پیش 3 روز
Oxygen not included. Both way applied.
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